Hairline cracks due to shrinkage

Self-desiccation and shrinkage in concrete

Self-desiccation, or chemical drying, is a common occurrence in all concretes. It’s a fact that the hydration reaction between cement and internal water, continue throughout time. The water in capillaries…

Seepage flow below dam foundation

Seepage – TREAT it or LEAVE it ?

Seepage is one of the common problems in building basements. Structures like retaining walls, ceilings, water tanks, earth dams & dam foundations where water contact is available often show traces…

Placing mass concrete in hot weather conditions

Concreting in hot weather conditions

Concreting in hot weather is one special situation every civil engineer might encounter in their carrier. Even though "hot weather" implies high ambient temperature, the real situation might be severe…